Pursuant to The Enrolled Public Act of Senate Bill 317 by The West Virginia Legislature, as Signed into Law by Governor Tomblin, The Amended Provisions of West Virginia Code Section 8-12-5a(a) Preempt and Preclude Municipalities from Regulating: '...The Carry[ing] of any Revolver, Pistol, Rifle, or Shotgun'.
As a Result, a Municipality may no longer Prohibit Open Carry of a Firearm within its' Jurisdictional Limits.
HOWEVER, a Municipality may Prohibit or Regulate: 1.The Possession of a Firearm Actually INSIDE its' Municipal Buildings, under W.V.C. 8-12-5a(c)(1), 2. The Possession of a Firearm WITHIN its' Municipal Recreational Centers Pursuant to W.V.C. 8-12-5a(c)(2), or 3. Actually AT that Portion of a Area where an Event is then Occurring on Public Property for not more than 14 Days under W.V.C. 8-12-5a(h)(2).
PROVIDED FURTHER, that in The Case of The Exceptions Listed under 2. and 3., above, it is a Defense to any Local Ordinance Violation that The Possessor was a Person to Whom a Valid Concealed Handgun License had been Issued. But, in The Case of 2., a Person must Store it in a Locker.
If You are in Legal Possession of a Firearm and You happen to Enter a Building which is Owned by a Municipality or Enter inside The Portion of Event Hosted by a Municipality where Firearms are then Legally Prohibited by Municipal Decree Pursuant to The Exceptions 1. through 3. Outlined above, The Municipality must, Prior to Arrest, Afford that Person an Opportunity to Voluntarily Leave The Building or Event, IF: When Asked to Leave, You Leave, OR You Voluntary Surrender Your Firearm for Storage.
It Follows that:
On Private Property, Open Carry will be Legal and Preempted so as long as The Rightful Owner of Property chooses to Allow Open Carry.
On Public Property where no Event is taking Place, Open Carry will be Legal and Preempted.
On Public Property where an Event is taking Place, Open Carry may or may not be Legal Depending on Local Ordinance, however; if You have a Valid Concealed Handgun License You will be Exempt from any Restriction.
Inside Public Buildings, Open Carry may or may not be Legal, Depending on Local Ordinance, but Concealed Carry will be Legal nevertheless in Publically-Owned Recreational Facilities, provided; that You Store The Firearm in a Locker when not in Use.
W.V.C. 8-12-5a(f) of Senate Bill 317 Awards a Person with Reasonable Attorneys Fees, Costs, and other Damages under Action Pursuant to Chapter 53 of West Virginia State Law, most likely under Article 5 of that Chapter.
*** NOTE: Nothing under This Bill Changes West Virginia State Law 61-7-11 OR 61-7-12, regarding Illegally Brandishing a Firearm or Wanton Endangerment through The Misuse of a Firearm in a Reckless Manner. Where Open Carry under West Virginia State Law, which is Legal, becomes Brandishing, under Section 11 of that Article of that Chapter, is Unclear. You may want to Consult Case Law on that Matter. If I find any, I will Share it with You. ***