Main pointers for your vehicle-related carry/long guns questions:
-So far as I can tell, Arizona law treats all firearms carried in a vehicle as equal. Long, short, skinny, fat, wide.. -irrelevant. (Unless they're NFA/Class-3 of course then you must comply with federal transportation laws.)
-When you are carrying in a vehicle, the firearm must be carried in:
1. "A case, holster, scabbard, pack or luggage that is carried within a means of transportation or within a storage compartment, map pocket, trunk or glove compartment of a means of transportation."
2. A manner where a portion of the firearm or holster of the firearm is carried is visible.
3. A holster that is wholly or partially visible.
4. A scabbard or case designed for carrying weapons that is wholly or partially visible.
-If during official contact with police, you are asked if you have a deadly weapon on your person or in the immediate control of your person, you must reply truthfully. You do not need to consent to an unwarranted search. You do not have to inform police immediately on contact you are armed, only tell them if they ask you.
-It is lawful for LEOs to take temporary custody of your weapon(s) for the duration of their official police contact. (So don't do any of that "do you have a warrant" for the cops to take your gun stuff like on youtube.) So long as you are not a prohibited possessor by AZ law and did not use/have the weapon in the commission of a crime, etc... the firearm will be returned to you. The police will usually only take it as a personal safety measure, some will have the "don't show me yours and I won't show you mine; don't reach for yours. I won't reach for mine." attitude while conducting other police business.
-Embry Riddle is not seen as a school by AZ law. You may have your gun in your personally owned vehicle on campus property. You must keep it locked and out of plain view when you exit the vehicle. You do not have to keep it unloaded.
12-781. Transportation or storage of firearms; motor vehicles; applicability
A. A property owner, tenant, public or private employer or business entity shall not establish, maintain or enforce a policy or rule that prohibits a person from lawfully transporting or lawfully storing any firearm that is both:
1. In the person's locked and privately owned motor vehicle or in a locked compartment on the person's privately owned motorcycle.
2. Not visible from the outside of the motor vehicle or motorcycle.
If you read the statute a bit more, it says the policy is null and void blah blah but continue further sounds a lot to me like they can't say anything about you having it in your car if there's no fence around it with controlled entry points manned by a security guard and on-site secure storage.
As Rusty Young Man stated, Embry Riddle is a private university and therefore not subject to AZ/ABOR governance laws regarding firearms on their campus. You must check their school policy on this. Just, whatever their policy is remember ARS 12-781.
If any representative of the school or LEO asks you to leave the school premises because you are carrying a loaded firearm and you refuse, you may receive a criminal trespass charge, potentially have your gun confiscated, go through the whole legal shabam etc. I do believe the best case scenario is that the school asks you to leave campus property. Chances are they'll just approach you and ask you to leave. Private establishments (like Embry Riddle) which post gun-buster signs have the force of law. If you are carrying where they are posted, I believe you are trespassing whether you noticed it or not, but the poster's responsibility is to make the sign somewhat obvious. Justifiable defenses aside, these signs have the force of law and you must obey them. It is best for law-abiding armed citizens to just stay away from these places or disarm before entering.
4-229. Licenses; Handguns; Posting of Notice
B. A person shall not carry a firearm on the licensed premises of an on-sale retailer if the licensee has posted
the notice prescribed in subsection A of this section.
C. It is an affirmative defense to a violation of subsection B of this section if:
1. The person was not informed of the notice prescribed in subsection A of this section before the
2. Any one or more of the following apply:
(a) At the time of the violation the notice prescribed in subsection A of this section had fallen down.
(b) At the time of the violation the person was not a resident of this state.
(c) The licensee had posted the notice prescribed in subsection A of this section not more than thirty
days before the violation.
It is permissible to have the chamber loaded in the state of Arizona so long as you comply with the transportation laws I outlined above. Normally, though, I have my everyday carry chambered anyway. Why would I be allowed to carry a pistol cocked and locked holstered on my hip but my AR-15 in the backseat in a carrying case has to be unloaded?
Originally Posted by MAC702
"Carrying on campus property" is not a crime. State law leaves it to the non-public universities to create their own firearms policies. Even if you were to carry on a public university (ASU,NAU,UofEhhhh), you are in violation of ABOR policy. Where you begin to commit a crime is when you violate their gun buster signs as this serves as a reasonable request by the owner of the establishment to disarm yourself before entering. If you're a student, you will be subject to disciplinary actions by the school. All the criminal stuff comes from what the school lawyers decides to legally charge you with (and I'm sure they will be very creative in their criminal complaint) like criminal trespass for example.
Originally Posted by HolyOrangeJuice