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  1. #1
    Regular Member fullauto223cal's Avatar
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    Dec 2007
    , Tennessee, USA

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  2. #2
    Founder's Club Member
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    Feb 2007
    No longer in Alexandria, Egypt

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    That was incredible, thanks!

    A nationwide study by Kates, the constitutional lawyer and criminologist, found that only 2 percent of civilian shootings involved an innocent person mistakenly identified as a criminal. The "error rate" for the police, however, was 11 percent, over five times as high.

    Very interesting...

  3. #3
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    Jun 2006
    Washington Island, across Death's Door, Wisconsin, USA

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    BobCav wrote:
    That was incredible, thanks!

    A nationwide study by Kates, the constitutional lawyer and criminologist, found that only 2 percent of civilian shootings involved an innocent person mistakenly identified as a criminal. The "error rate" for the police, however, was 11 percent, over five times as high.

    Very interesting...

    Either we are equal or we are not. Good people ought to be armed where they will, with wits and guns and the truth. NRA *******

  4. #4
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    , Oregon, USA

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    That essay's been around a while (I think he wrote it int eh 80's, but I can't remember off the top of my head), its a pretty good read.

  5. #5
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    Kitsap Co., Washington, USA

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    Looks like it was published in 1993. Excellent read!

  6. #6
    Regular Member SouthernBoy's Avatar
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    Western Prince William County, Virginia, USA

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    I read this years ago and keep a copy at hand in my work area. I have a magazine (American Handgunner as I recall) that printed the article years ago.

    If you enjoyed this article, here's another one you might like to read as well.

    "The Embarrassing Second Amendment"

    In the final seconds of your life, just before your killer is about to dispatch you to that great eternal darkness, what would you rather have in your hand? A cell phone or a gun?

    Si vis pacem, para bellum.

  7. #7
    Regular Member Mainsail's Avatar
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    Apr 2007
    Silverdale, Washington, USA

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    Edited because of the better formatting below ---->

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Jun 2006
    Washington Island, across Death's Door, Wisconsin, USA

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    Re-formatted for readability I hope. I'll finish later. Supper is on...

    Jeffrey R. Snyder

    OUR SOCIETY has reached a pinnacle of self-expression and respect for individuality rare or unmatched in history. Our entire popular culture -- from fashion magazines to the cinema -- positively screams the matchless worth of the individual, and glories in eccentricity, nonconformity, independent judgment, and self-determination. This enthusiasm is reflected in the prevalent notion that helping someone entails increasing that person's "self-esteem"; that if a person properly values himself, he will naturally be a happy, productive, and, in some inexplicable fashion, responsible
    member of society.

    And yet, while people are encouraged to revel in their individuality and incalculable self-worth, themedia and the law enforcement establishment continually advise us that, when confronted with the threat of lethal violence, we should not resist, but simply give the attacker what he wants. If the crime under consideration is rape, there is some notable waffling on this point, and the discussion quickly moves to how the woman can change her behavior to minimize the risk of rape, and the various
    ridiculous, non-lethal weapons she may acceptably carry, such as whistles, keys, mace or, that weapon which really sends shivers down a rapist's spine, the portable cellular phone.

    Now how can this be? How can a person who values himself so highly calmly accept the indignity of a criminal assault? How can one who believes that the essence of his dignity lies in his selfdetermination passively accept the forcible deprivation of that self-determination? How can he, quietly, with great dignity and poise, simply hand over the goods?

    The assumption, of course, is that there is no inconsistency. The advice not to resist a criminal assault and simply hand over the goods is founded on the notion that one's life is of incalculable value, and that no amount of property is worth it. Put aside, for a moment, the outrageousness of the suggestion that a criminal who proffers lethal violence should be treated as if he has instituted a new social contract: "I will not hurt or kill you if you give me what I want." For years, feminists have labored to
    educate people that rape is not about sex, but about domination, degradation, and control. Evidently, someone needs to inform the law enforcement establishment and the media that kidnapping, robbery, carjacking, and assault are not about property.
    Crime is not only a complete disavowal of the social contract, but also a commandeering of the victim's person and liberty. If the individual's dignity lies in the fact that he is a moral agent engagingin actions of his own will, in free exchange with others, then crime always violates the victim's dignity.

    It is, in fact, an act of enslavement. Your wallet, your purse, or your car may not be worth your life, but your dignity is; and if it is not worth fighting for, it can hardly be said to exist.

    The Gift of Life

    Although difficult for modern man to fathom, it was once widely believed that life was a gift from God, that to not defend that life when offered violence was to hold God's gift in contempt, to be a coward and to breach one's duty to one's community. A sermon given in Philadelphia in 1747 unequivocally equated the failure to defend oneself with suicide:

    He that suffers his life to be taken from him by one that hath no authority for that
    purpose, when he might preserve it by defense, incurs the Guilt of self murder since God hath enjoined him to seek the continuance of his life, and Nature itself teaches every creature to defend itself.

    "Cowardice" and "self-respect" have largely disappeared from public discourse. In their place we are offered "self-esteem" as the bellwether of success and a proxy for dignity. "Self-respect" implies that one recognizes standards, and judges oneself worthy by the degree to which one lives up to them.

    "Self-esteem" simply means that one feels good about oneself. "Dignity" used to refer to the selfmastery and fortitude with which a person conducted himself in the face of life's vicissitudes and the boorish behavior of others. Now, judging by campus speech codes, dignity requires that we never encounter a discouraging word and that others be coerced into acting respectfully, evidently on the assumption that we are powerless to prevent our degradation if exposed to the demeaning behavior of
    others. These are signposts proclaiming the insubstantiality of our character, the hollowness of our souls.

    It is impossible to address the problem of rampant crime without talking about the moral responsibility of the intended victim. Crime is rampant because the law-abiding, each of us, condone it, excuse it, permit it, submit to it. We permit and encourage it because we do not fight back, immediately, then and there, where it happens. Crime is not rampant because we do not have enough prisons, because judges and prosecutors are too soft, because the police are hamstrung with absurd technicalities. The defect is there, in our character. We are a nation of cowards and shirkers.

    Do You Feel Lucky?

    In 1991, when then-Attorney General Richard Thornburgh released the FBI's annual crime statistics,he noted that it is now more likely that a person will be the victim of a violent crime than that he will be in an auto accident. Despite this, most people readily believe that the existence of the police relieves them of the responsibility to take full measures to protect themselves. The police, however, are not personal bodyguards. Rather, they act as a general deterrent to crime, both by their presence
    and by apprehending criminals after the fact. As numerous courts have held, they have no legal obligation to protect anyone in particular. You cannot sue them for failing to prevent you from being the victim of a crime.

    Insofar as the police deter by their presence, they are very, very good. Criminals take great pains notto commit a crime in front of them. Unfortunately, the corollary is that you can pretty much bet your life (and you are) that they won't be there at the moment you actually need them.

    Should you ever be the victim of an assault, a robbery, or a rape, you will find it very difficult to call the police while the act is in progress, even if you are carrying a portable cellular phone. Nevertheless, you might be interested to know how long it takes them to show up. Department of Justice statistics for 1991 show that, for all crimes of violence, only 28 percent of calls are responded to within five minutes. The idea that protection is a service people can call to have delivered and expect to receive in a timely fashion is often mocked by gun owners, who love to recite the challenge, "Call for a cop, call for an ambulance, and call for a pizza. See who shows up first."

    Many people deal with the problem of crime by convincing themselves that they live, work, and travel only in special "crime-free" zones. Invariably, they react with shock and hurt surprise when they discover that criminals do not play by the rules and do not respect these imaginary boundaries. If, however, you understand that crime can occur anywhere at anytime, and if you understand that you can be maimed or mortally wounded in mere seconds, you may wish to consider whether you are
    willing to place the responsibility for safeguarding your life in the hands of others.

    Power And Responsibility

    Is your life worth protecting? If so, whose responsibility is it to protect it? If you believe that it is the police's, not only are you wrong -- since the courts universally rule that they have no legal obligation to do so -- but you face some difficult moral quandaries. How can you rightfully ask another human being to risk his life to protect yours, when you will assume no responsibility yourself? Because that is his job and we pay him to do it? Because your life is of incalculable value, but his is only worth the $30,000 salary we pay him? If you believe it reprehensible to possess the means and will to use lethal force to repel a criminal assault, how can you call upon another to do so for you?

    Do you believe that you are forbidden to protect yourself because the police are better qualified to protect you, because they know what they are doing but you're a rank amateur? Put aside that this is equivalent to believing that only concert pianists may play the piano and only professional athletes may play sports. What exactly are these special qualities possessed only by the police and beyond the rest of us mere mortals?

    One who values his life and takes seriously his responsibilities to his family and community will possess and cultivate the means of fighting back, and will retaliate when threatened with death or grievous injury to himself or a loved one. He will never be content to rely solely on others for his safety, or to think he has done all that is possible by being aware of his surroundings and taking measures of avoidance. Let's not mince words: He will be armed, will be trained in the use of his
    weapon, and will defend himself when faced with lethal violence.

    Fortunately, there is a weapon for preserving life and liberty that can be wielded effectively by almost anyone -- the handgun. Small and light enough to be carried habitually, lethal, but unlike the knife or sword, not demanding great skill or strength, it truly is the "great equalizer." Requiring only hand-eye coordination and a modicum of ability to remain cool under pressure, it can be used effectively by the old and the weak against the young and the strong, by the one against the many.

    The handgun is the only weapon that would give a lone female jogger a chance of prevailing against a gang of thugs intent on rape, a teacher a chance of protecting children at recess from a madman intent on massacring them, a family of tourists waiting at a mid-town subway station the means to protect themselves from a gang of teens armed with razors and knives.

    But since we live in a society that by and large outlaws the carrying of arms, we are brought into the
    fray of the Great American Gun War. Gun control is one of the most prominent battlegrounds in our
    current culture wars. Yet it is unique in the half-heartedness with which our conservative leaders and
    pundits -- our "conservative elite" -- do battle, and have conceded the moral high ground to liberal
    gun control proponents. It is not a topic often written about, or written about with any great fervor, by
    William F. Buckley or Patrick Buchanan. As drug czar, William Bennett advised President Bush to ban
    "assault weapons." George Will is on record as recommending the repeal of the Second Amendment,
    and Jack Kemp is on record as favoring a ban on the possession of semiautomatic "assault weapons."
    The battle for gun rights is one fought predominantly by the common man. The beliefs of both our
    liberal and conservative elites are in fact abetting the criminal rampage through our society.
    Selling Crime Prevention
    By any rational measure, nearly all gun control proposals are hokum. The Brady Bill, for example,
    would not have prevented John Hinckley from obtaining a gun to shoot President Reagan; Hinckley
    purchased his weapon five months before the attack, and his medical records could not have served as
    a basis to deny his purchase of a gun, since medical records are not public documents filed with the
    police. Similarly, California's waiting period and background check did not stop Patrick Purdy from
    purchasing the "assault rifle" and handguns he used to massacre children during recess in a Stockton
    schoolyard; the felony conviction that would have provided the basis for stopping the sales did not
    exist, because Mr. Purdy's previous weapons violations were plea-bargained down from felonies to
    In the mid-sixties there was a public service advertising campaign targeted at car owners about the
    prevention of car theft. The purpose of the ad was to urge car owners not to leave their keys in their
    cars. The message was, "Don't help a good boy go bad." The implication was that, by leaving his keys
    in his car, the normal, law-abiding car owner was contributing to the delinquency of minors who, if
    they just weren't tempted beyond their limits, would be "good." Now, in those days people still had a
    fair sense of just who was responsible for whose behavior. The ad succeeded in enraging a goodly
    portion of the populace, and was soon dropped.
    Nearly all of the gun control measures offered by Handgun Control, Inc. (HCI) and its ilk embody the
    same philosophy. They are founded on the belief that America's law-abiding gun owners are the
    source of the problem. With their unholy desire for firearms, they are creating a society awash in a sea
    of guns, thereby helping good boys go bad, and helping bad boys be badder. This laying of moral
    blame for violent crime at the feet of the law-abiding, and the implicit absolution of violent criminals
    for their misdeeds, naturally infuriates honest gun owners.
    The files of HCI and other gun control organizations are filled with proposals to limit the availability
    of semiautomatic and other firearms to law-abiding citizens, and barren of proposals for
    apprehending and punishing violent criminals. It is ludicrous to expect that the proposals of HCI, or
    any gun control laws, will significantly curb crime. According to Department of Justice and Bureau of
    Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) statistics, fully 90 percent of violent crimes are committed
    without a handgun, and 93 percent of the guns obtained by violent criminals are not obtained through
    the lawful purchase and sale transactions that are the object of most gun control legislation.
    Furthermore, the number of violent criminals is minute in comparison to the number of firearms in
    America -- estimated by the ATF at about 200 million, approximately one-third of which are
    handguns. With so abundant a supply, there will always be enough guns available for those who wish
    to use them for nefarious ends, no matter how complete the legal prohibitions against them, or how
    draconian the punishment for their acquisition or use. No, the gun control proposals of HCI and other
    organizations are not seriously intended as crime control. Something else is at work here.
    The Tyranny of the Elite
    Gun control is a moral crusade against a benighted, barbaric citizenry. This is demonstrated not only
    by the ineffectualness of gun control in preventing crime, and by the fact that it focuses on restricting
    the behavior of the law-abiding rather than apprehending and punishing the guilty, but also by the
    execration that gun control proponents heap on gun owners and their evil instrumentality, the NRA.
    Gun owners are routinely portrayed as uneducated, paranoid rednecks fascinated by and prone to
    violence, i.e., exactly the type of person who opposes the liberal agenda and whose moral and social
    "re-education" is the object of liberal social policies. Typical of such bigotry is New York Gov. Mario
    Cuomo's famous characterization of gun-owners as "hunters who drink beer, don't vote, and lie to
    their wives about where they were all weekend." Similar vituperation is rained upon the NRA,
    characterized by Sen. Edward Kennedy as the "pusher's best friend," lampooned in political cartoons
    as standing for the right of children to carry firearms to school and, in general, portrayed as standing
    for an individual's God-given right to blow people away at will.
    The stereotype is, of course, false. As criminologist and constitutional lawyer Don B. Kates, Jr. and
    former HCI contributor Dr. Patricia Harris have pointed out, "[s]tudies consistently show that, on the
    average, gun owners are better educated and have more prestigious jobs than non-owners.... Later
    studies show that gun owners are less likely than non-owners to approve of police brutality, violence
    against dissenters, etc."
    Conservatives must understand that the antipathy many liberals have for gun owners arises in good
    measure from their statist utopianism. This habit of mind has nowhere been better explored than in
    The Republic. There, Plato argues that the perfectly just society is one in which an unarmed people
    exhibit virtue by minding their own business in the performance of their assigned functions, while the
    government of philosopher-kings, above the law and protected by armed guardians unquestioning in
    their loyalty to the state, engineers, implements, and fine-tunes the creation of that society, aided and
    abetted by myths that both hide and justify their totalitarian manipulation.
    The Unarmed Life
    When columnist Carl Rowan preaches gun control and uses a gun to defend his home, when Maryland
    Gov. William Donald Schaefer seeks legislation year after year to ban semiautomatic "assault
    weapons" whose only purpose, we are told, is to kill people, while he is at the same time escorted by
    state police armed with large-capacity 9mm semiautomatic pistols, it is not simple hypocrisy. It is the
    workings of that habit of mind possessed by all superior beings who have taken upon themselves the
    terrible burden of civilizing the masses and who understand, like our Congress, that laws are for other
    The liberal elite know that they are philosopher-kings. They know that the people simply cannot be
    trusted; that they are incapable of just and fair self-government; that left to their own devices, their
    society will be racist, sexist, homophobic, and inequitable -- and the liberal elite know how to fix
    things. They are going to help us live the good and just life, even if they have to lie to us and force us to
    do it. And they detest those who stand in their way.
    The private ownership of firearms is a rebuke to this utopian zeal. To own firearms is to affirm that
    freedom and liberty are not gifts from the state. It is to reserve final judgment about whether the state
    is encroaching on freedom and liberty, to stand ready to defend that freedom with more than mere
    words, and to stand outside the state's totalitarian reach.
    The Florida Experience
    The elitist distrust of the people underlying the gun control movement is illustrated beautifully in
    HCI's campaign against a new concealed-carry law in Florida. Prior to 1987, the Florida law
    permitting the issuance of concealed-carry permits was administered at the county level. The law was
    vague, and, as a result, was subject to conflicting interpretation and political manipulation. Permits
    were issued principally to security personnel and the privileged few with political connections.
    Permits were valid only within the county of issuance.
    In 1987, however, Florida enacted a uniform concealed-carry law which mandates that county
    authorities issue a permit to anyone who satisfies certain objective criteria. The law requires that a
    permit be issued to any applicant who is a resident, at least twenty-one years of age, has no criminal
    record, no record of alcohol or drug abuse, no history of mental illness, and provides evidence of
    having satisfactorily completed a firearms safety course offered by the NRA or other competent
    instructor. The applicant must provide a set of fingerprints, after which the authorities make a
    background check. The permit must be issued or denied within ninety days, is valid throughout the
    state, and must be renewed every three years, which provides authorities a regular means of
    reevaluating whether the permit holder still qualifies.
    Passage of this legislation was vehemently opposed by HCI and the media. The law, they said, would
    lead to citizens shooting each other over everyday disputes involving fender benders, impolite
    behavior, and other slights to their dignity. Terms like "Florida, the Gunshine State" and "Dodge City
    East" were coined to suggest that the state, and those seeking passage of the law, were encouraging
    individuals to act as judge, jury, and executioner in a "Death Wish" society.
    No HCI campaign more clearly demonstrates the elitist beliefs underlying the campaign to eradicate
    gun ownership. Given the qualifications required of permit holders, HCI and the media can only
    believe that common, law-abiding citizens are seething cauldrons of homicidal rage, ready to kill to
    avenge any slight to their dignity, eager to seek out and summarily execute the lawless. Only lack of
    immediate access to a gun restrains them and prevents the blood from flowing in the streets. They are
    so mentally and morally deficient that they would mistake a permit to carry a weapon in self-defense
    as a state-sanctioned license to kill at will.
    Did the dire predictions come true? Despite the fact that Miami and Dade County have severe
    problems with the drug trade, the homicide rate fell in Florida following enactment of this law, as it
    did in Oregon following enactment of similar legislation there. There are, in addition, several
    documented cases of new permit holders successfully using their weapons to defend themselves.
    Information from the Florida Department of State shows that, from the beginning of the program in
    1987 through June 1993, 160,823 permits have been issued, and only 530, or about 0.33 percent of
    the applicants, have been denied a permit for failure to satisfy the criteria, indicating that the law is
    benefitting those whom it was intended to benefit -- the law-abiding. Only 16 permits, less than
    1/100th of 1 percent, have been revoked due to the post-issuance commission of a crime involving a
    The Florida legislation has been used as a model for legislation adopted by Oregon, Idaho, Montana,
    and Mississippi. There are, in addition, seven other states (Maine, North and South Dakota, Utah,
    Washington, West Virginia, and, with the exception of cities with a population in excess of 1 million,
    Pennsylvania) which provide that concealed-carry permits must be issued to law-abiding citizens who
    satisfy various objective criteria. Finally, no permit is required at all in Vermont. Altogether, then,
    there are thirteen states in which law-abiding citizens who wish to carry arms to defend themselves
    may do so. While no one appears to have compiled the statistics from all of these jurisdictions, there is
    certainly an ample data base for those seeking the truth about the trustworthiness of law-abiding
    citizens who carry firearms.
    Other evidence also suggests that armed citizens are very responsible in using guns to defend
    themselves. Florida State University criminologist Gary Kleck, using surveys and other data, has
    determined that armed citizens defend their lives or property with firearms against criminals
    approximately 1 million times a year. In 98 percent of these instances, the citizen merely brandishes
    the weapon or fires a warning shot. Only in 2 percent of the cases do citizens actually shoot their
    assailants. In defending themselves with their firearms, armed citizens kill 2,000 to 3,000 criminals
    each year, three times the number killed by the police. A nationwide study by Kates, the constitutional
    lawyer and criminologist, found that only 2 percent of civilian shootings involved an innocent person
    mistakenly identified as a criminal. The "error rate" for the police, however, was 11 percent, over five
    times as high.
    It is simply not possible to square the numbers above and the experience of Florida with the notions
    that honest, law-abiding gun owners are borderline psychopaths itching for an excuse to shoot
    someone, vigilantes eager to seek out and summarily execute the lawless, or incompetent fools
    incapable of determining when it is proper to use lethal force in defense of their lives. Nor upon
    reflection should these results seem surprising. Rape, robbery, and attempted murder are not
    typically actions rife with ambiguity or subtlety, requiring special powers of observation and great
    book-learning to discern. When a man pulls a knife on a woman and says, "You're coming with me,"
    her judgment that a crime is being committed is not likely to be in error. There is little chance that she
    is going to shoot the wrong person. It is the police, because they are rarely at the scene of the crime
    when it occurs, who are more likely to find themselves in circumstances where guilt and innocence are
    not so clear-cut, and in which the probability for mistakes is higher.
    Arms and Liberty
    Classical republican philosophy has long recognized the critical relationship between personal liberty
    and the possession of arms by a people ready and willing to use them. Political theorists as dissimilar
    as Niccolo Machiavelli, Sir Thomas More, James Harrington, Algernon Sidney, John Locke, and Jean-
    Jacques Rousseau all shared the view that the possession of arms is vital for resisting tyranny, and
    that to be disarmed by one's government is tantamount to being enslaved by it. The possession of
    arms by the people is the ultimate warrant that government governs only with the consent of the
    governed. As Kates has shown, the Second Amendment is as much a product of this political
    philosophy as it is of the American experience in the Revolutionary War. Yet our conservative elite has
    abandoned this aspect of republican theory. Although our conservative pundits recognize and
    embrace gun owners as allies in other arenas, their battle for gun rights is desultory. The problem
    here is not a statist utopianism, although goodness knows that liberals are not alone in the confidence
    they have in the state's ability to solve society's problems. Rather, the problem seems to lie in certain
    cultural traits shared by our conservative and liberal elites.
    One such trait is an abounding faith in the power of the word. The failure of our conservative elite to
    defend the Second Amendment stems in great measure from an overestimation of the power of the
    rights set forth in the First Amendment, and a general undervaluation of action. Implicit in calls for
    the repeal of the Second Amendment is the assumption that our First Amendment rights are
    sufficient to preserve our liberty. The belief is that liberty can be preserved as long as men freely speak
    their minds; that there is no tyranny or abuse that can survive being exposed in the press; and that the
    truth need only be disclosed for the culprits to be shamed. The people will act, and the truth shall set
    us, and keep us, free.
    History is not kind to this belief, tending rather to support the view of Hobbes, Machiavelli, and other
    republican theorists that only people willing and able to defend themselves can preserve their
    liberties. While it may be tempting and comforting to believe that the existence of mass electronic
    communication has forever altered the balance of power between the state and its subjects, the belief
    has certainly not been tested by time, and what little history there is in the age of mass
    communication is not especially encouraging. The camera, radio, and press are mere tools and, like
    guns, can be used for good or ill. Hitler, after all, was a masterful orator, used radio to very good
    effect, and is well known to have pioneered and exploited the propaganda opportunities afforded by
    film. And then, of course, there were the Brownshirts, who knew very well how to quell dissent among
    Polite Society
    In addition to being enamored of the power of words, our conservative elite shares with liberals the
    notion that an armed society is just not civilized or progressive, that massive gun ownership is a blot
    on our civilization. This association of personal disarmament with civilized behavior is one of the
    great unexamined beliefs of our time.
    Should you read English literature from the sixteenth through nineteenth centuries, you will discover
    numerous references to the fact that a gentleman, especially when out at night or traveling, armed
    himself with a sword or a pistol against the chance of encountering a highwayman or other such
    predator. This does not appear to have shocked the ladies accompanying him. True, for the most part
    there were no police in those days, but we have already addressed the notion that the presence of the
    police absolves people of the responsibility to look after their safety, and in any event the existence of
    the police cannot be said to have reduced crime to negligible levels.
    It is by no means obvious why it is "civilized" to permit oneself to fall easy prey to criminal violence,
    and to permit criminals to continue unobstructed in their evil ways. While it may be that a society in
    which crime is so rare that no one ever needs to carry a weapon is "civilized," a society that
    stigmatizes the carrying of weapons by the law-abiding -- because it distrusts its citizens more than it
    fears rapists, robbers, and murderers -- certainly cannot claim this distinction. Perhaps the notion
    that defending oneself with lethal force is not "civilized" arises from the view that violence is always
    wrong, or the view that each human being is of such intrinsic worth that it is wrong to kill anyone
    under any circumstances. The necessary implication of these propositions, however, is that life is not
    worth defending. Far from being "civilized," the beliefs that counterviolence and killing are always
    wrong are an invitation to the spread of barbarism. Such beliefs announce loudly and clearly that
    those who do not respect the lives and property of others will rule over those who do.
    In truth, one who believes it wrong to arm himself against criminal violence shows contempt of God's
    gift of life (or, in modern parlance, does not properly value himself), does not live up to his
    responsibilities to his family and community, and proclaims himself mentally and morally deficient,
    because he does not trust himself to behave responsibly. In truth, a state that deprives its law-abiding
    citizens of the means to effectively defend themselves is not civilized but barbarous, becoming an
    accomplice of murderers, rapists, and thugs and revealing its totalitarian nature by its tacit admission
    that the disorganized, random havoc created by criminals is far less a threat than are men and women
    who believe themselves free and independent, and act accordingly.
    While gun control proponents and other advocates of a kinder, gentler society incessantly decry our
    "armed society," in truth we do not live in an armed society. We live in a society in which violent
    criminals and agents of the state habitually carry weapons, and in which many law-abiding citizens
    own firearms but do not go about armed. Department of Justice statistics indicate that 87 percent of
    all violent crimes occur outside the home. Essentially, although tens of millions own firearms, we are
    an unarmed society.
    Take Back the Night
    Clearly the police and the courts are not providing a significant brake on criminal activity. While
    liberals call for more poverty, education, and drug treatment programs, conservatives take a more
    direct tack. George Will advocates a massive increase in the number of police and a shift toward
    "community-based policing." Meanwhile, the NRA and many conservative leaders call for laws that
    would require violent criminals serve at least 85 percent of their sentences and would place repeat
    offenders permanently behind bars.
    Our society suffers greatly from the beliefs that only official action is legitimate and that the state is
    the source of our earthly salvation. Both liberal and conservative prescriptions for violent crime suffer
    from the "not in my job description" school of thought regarding the responsibilities of the lawabiding
    citizen, and from an overestimation of the ability of the state to provide society's moral
    moorings. As long as law-abiding citizens assume no personal responsibility for combatting crime,
    liberal and conservative programs will fail to contain it.
    Judging by the numerous articles about concealed-carry in gun magazines, the growing number of
    products advertised for such purpose, and the increase in the number of concealed-carry applications
    in states with mandatory-issuance laws, more and more people, including growing numbers of
    women, are carrying firearms for self-defense. Since there are still many states in which the issuance
    of permits is discretionary and in which law enforcement officials routinely deny applications, many
    people have been put to the hard choice between protecting their lives or respecting the law. Some of
    these people have learned the hard way, by being the victim of a crime, or by seeing a friend or loved
    one raped, robbed, or murdered, that violent crime can happen to anyone, anywhere at anytime, and
    that crime is not about sex or property but life, liberty, and dignity.
    The laws proscribing concealed-carry of firearms by honest, law-abiding citizens breed nothing but
    disrespect for the law. As the Founding Fathers knew well, a government that does not trust its
    honest, law-abiding, taxpaying citizens with the means of self-defense is not itself worthy of trust.
    Laws disarming honest citizens proclaim that the government is the master, not the servant, of the
    people. A federal law along the lines of the Florida statute -- overriding all contradictory state and
    local laws and acknowledging that the carrying of firearms by law-abiding citizens is a privilege and
    immunity of citizenship -- is needed to correct the outrageous conduct of state and local officials
    operating under discretionary licensing systems.
    What we certainly do not need is more gun control. Those who call for the repeal of the Second
    Amendment so that we can really begin controlling firearms betray a serious misunderstanding of the
    Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights does not grant rights to the people, such that its repeal would
    legitimately confer upon government the powers otherwise proscribed. The Bill of Rights is the list of
    the fundamental, inalienable rights, endowed in man by his Creator, that define what it means to be a
    free and independent people, the rights which must exist to ensure that government governs only with
    the consent of the people.
    At one time this was even understood by the Supreme Court. In United States v. Cruikshank (1876),
    the first case in which the Court had an opportunity to interpret the Second Amendment, it stated that
    the right confirmed by the Second Amendment "is not a right granted by the constitution. Neither is it
    in any manner dependent upon that instrument for its existence." The repeal of the Second
    Amendment would no more render the outlawing of firearms legitimate than the repeal of the due
    process clause of the Fifth Amendment would authorize the government to imprison and kill people at
    will. A government that abrogates any of the Bill of Rights, with or without majoritarian approval,
    forever acts illegitimately, becomes tyrannical, and loses the moral right to govern.
    This is the uncompromising understanding reflected in the warning that America's gun owners will
    not go gently into that good, utopian night: "You can have my gun when you pry it from my cold, dead
    hands." While liberals take this statement as evidence of the retrograde, violent nature of gun owners,
    we gun owners hope that liberals hold equally strong sentiments about their printing presses, word
    processors, and television cameras. The republic depends upon fervent devotion to all our
    fundamental rights.
    "A Nation of Cowards" was published in the Fall, '93 issue of The Public Interest, a quarterly journal of opinion
    published by National Affairs, Inc.
    Single copies of The Public Interest are available for $6. Annual subscription rate is $21 ($24 US, for Canadian
    and foreign subscriptions). Single copies of this or other issues, and subscriptions, can be obtained from:
    The Public Interest
    1112 16th St., NW, Suite 530
    Washington, DC 20036
    (C) 1993 by The Public Interest.

  9. #9
    Founder's Club Member
    Join Date
    Nov 2006
    Fairfax Co., VA

    Post imported post

    Gosh. Could we not have saved John some bandwidth and just let it go at a link?
    I'll make you an offer: I will argue and fight for all of your rights, if you will do the same for me. That is the only way freedom can work. We have to respect all rights, all the time--and strive to win the rights of the other guy as much as for ourselves.

    If I am equal to another, how can I legitimately govern him without his express individual consent?

    There is no human being on earth I hate so much I would actually vote to inflict government upon him.

  10. #10
    Regular Member fullauto223cal's Avatar
    Join Date
    Dec 2007
    , Tennessee, USA

    Post imported post

    I could have done that much better, who doesn't know and have Adobe PDF reader anyhow!

  11. #11
    Founder's Club Member
    Join Date
    Nov 2006
    Fairfax Co., VA

    Post imported post

    fullauto223cal wrote:
    I could have done that much better, who doesn't know and have Adobe PDF reader anyhow!
    I think you did just fine. Of course, having read it before, Irecognized the title.

    Maybe givereaders a quick two-sentence overview and ahard-hitting quote, then the link.
    I'll make you an offer: I will argue and fight for all of your rights, if you will do the same for me. That is the only way freedom can work. We have to respect all rights, all the time--and strive to win the rights of the other guy as much as for ourselves.

    If I am equal to another, how can I legitimately govern him without his express individual consent?

    There is no human being on earth I hate so much I would actually vote to inflict government upon him.

  12. #12
    Regular Member Mainsail's Avatar
    Join Date
    Apr 2007
    Silverdale, Washington, USA

    Post imported post

    Citizen wrote:
    Gosh. Could we not have saved John some bandwidth and just let it go at a link?

    Bandwidth? Well, let me tell you about the .mil firewall. If I click on a blind link at work, the comm Squadron will either allow it or send me a nasty note about internet access and military bandwidth. If I log enough of these nasty notes it could be trubba for me. Doing a copy/paste will only take a few seconds and maybe set someone’s weight gainmarathon back about 15 calories.

    It looks like this:

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