When you are formally accused of a crime
Penalty Flag. Announcing rule of law without citation to authority.
In general, a police officer can detain you for any articulable reason
relating to his duties as an officer. It's called a "Terry stop". During such detention, a failure to heed an officer's request for information, including a request for ID,is causefor arreston charges ofhindering an officer and/or obstruction of justice.
This is false... The officer must have reasonable articulable suspicion that you have committed, are currently committing or are about to commit a crime. What Liko writes can actually be read as, "My articulable reason is that the suspect is wearing a watch."
Most statutes you'll find simply require you to state your name, address, perhaps date of birth and business/destination. As someone has previously mentioned, you're not required in the US to carry around your papers.
And if you don't, that's failure to heed an officer's request for information.
Generally, under, inter alia
, the Fifth Amendment, everybody has a right
to "refuse to heed an officer's request for informtion."
. The Fifth Amendment protects against compulsion to give self-incriminating testimony; the officers cannot force you to admit you committed a crime. They can however compel you to give information that does not incriminate you, and to do so truthfully. Depending on your surroundings and circumstances, that is obstruction of justice, contempt of court, perjury,etc etc. andattempting to invokethe Fifth Amendment just gets you a jail cell until you're ready to talk or they find out what theywanted to know fromyou through some other means.
I say it again; treating a cop like scum is a very bad move, regardless of how "right" you are in doing so. Let's make it personally applicable to you; if you back-talk or smart-mouth an officer and are arrested for it, regardless of how frivolous the charge, you now have an arrest on your record. You are therefore under information for a crime; even if they decide not to charge you, the matter is not cleared until you are indicted and the case is resolved. That therefore shows up on every criminal background check, for employment, firearms purchase, or CHL renewal until the statute of limitations for that particular crime passes. If the crime they arrest you for is a felony or a severe misdemeanor, you areat least detainedif not denied whenbuying from an FFL, you are unlikely to be able to change jobs, and every cop who pulls you over for an improper lane change is going to see that arrest, know that you ran your mouth to a cop, and is not going to cut you an ounce of slack. It quite simply is not worth getting in a testosterone contest with a police officer. If you "know" the officer has no power to compel you to provide the information he's requested, you can politely refuse, you're correct that it is your right. What happens then is up to the officer and you're not going to get much further with him.