FYI bars and schools aren't off limits.
You may want to look at Ex parte Larry Douglas Childers
as it is one of the first cases testing preemption in Alabama. It also takes place in a bar (the subject of the case... not the case itself!)
Schools aren't off limits even to people without permits (as long as you aren't intending to do bodily harm), except that federal law prohibits it. With a permit though, you are exempt from the federal law. Also, if you have a permit you are now allowed to carry in a school with intent to do bodily harm (at least that's how it reads... I wouldn't try to kill someone on school grounds tho!).
Many people are confused as to the restrictions as a Sheriff can issue a 'qualified' permit in Alabama that has place and time restrictions. As someone with an out-of-state permit you essentially have an unlimited
permit without extra restrictions.