If the cartridge has the correct neck tension and/or a proper crimp it shouldn't push back into the case unless your firearm has a bad or poorly designedfeed ramp. You may still get some scratching and distortion of the bullet itself though.
I know my semi-auto hunting rifles are notorious for"eating" a bullet after being slammed into battery ten or so times. The copperjacket can getprettygouged up soI just switch the damaged ones out and shoot them at the range later.
As far as pistols go, my 1911 doesn't seem to mar the bullets at all if I'm using the heavier hollow points as they have a nice smooth radius that makes contact with the feed ramps. With some of the more conical shapedhollow points, it does get a little mashed up over time. I haven't fired any hollow points out of my HK 357 sig, or Beretta 96Fyet so I don't know how they treat them.