First - there is no open carry in NYS so forget that. As to getting a permit, I'm afraid it's basically up to the judge where you live. The closer to NYC, the tighter the restrictions it seems. If she lives alone or has been assaulted before or has an order of protection, that may help with justisfication for a concealed carry. It would probably improve her odds if she has taken an approved firearms safety course at a minimum. It also helps if she knows people or is active in the community - volunteer fire/EMS etc. Ultimately, it's up to the judge.