Post-AB1934 the penalties for carrying an unloaded handgun are the same as those for carrying a loaded one, and you can't be charged with both 12031 and 12037. If I am going to engage in civil disobedience and get arrested for carrying a gun, that gun will damn well be loaded. AB1934 is a silly law but it is not worth anyone's time, at least not after it passes, when the real target is 12031 a.k.a. the Mulford Act. That law is the true infringement on our rights, and has been for the last four decades.