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  1. #1
    State Researcher Bill Starks's Avatar
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    Washington State Frequently Asked Questions About Open Carry

    1) Where can I carry in Washington?
    Washington State follows British legal tradition, which states that anything that is not proscribed as unlawful is lawful (which stands for the proposition that whatever is not prohibited by law is allowed.)
    So the real question is; where can you NOT carry in Washington? There are four main state statutes that one must be cognizant of: RCW 9.41.050 (Carrying Firearms), RCW 9.41.280 (Carry on School Grounds), RCW 9.41.300 (Weapons Prohibited in Certain Places), and RCW 70.108.150 (Firearms in Outdoor Music Festivals). It is your responsibility to read and understand the definitions and exceptions in the law. RCW 9.41.050 is the primary law which affects gun carrying on a day to day basis. This law makes it unlawful for one to conceal a pistol without a concealed pistol license (hereinafter called CPL), and also makes it unlawful for one to carry a loaded pistol in any vehicle, whether it be openly carried or concealed carried unless a person has a valid CPL(see RCW 9.41.060 on Exceptions). Loaded is defined as having ammunition inside of the gun itself (magazine inserted with ammunition with semi-auto, ammunition in cylinder for revolvers). Localities may also prohibit the carrying of handguns in the stadiums and convention centers that they operate, however they MUST exempt those who possess a concealed pistol license. There are also federal statutes you must be cognizant of: 18 USC 922 (q), which prohibit the carrying of a handgun within 1000 feet of a school unless you are licensed to carry or meet another exemption to this law. The constitutionality of this law is questionable in light of United States v. Lopez and District of Columbia v. Heller. To our knowledge, there has been no prosecutions of this law where this is the sole charge. 18 USC 930, which prohibit the carrying of firearms in any "federal facility" or any "federal court facility."

    2) What is "Warranting alarm", why do people (firearms instructors, police officers, gun shop employees) say that this law makes it illegal t o open carry? In 1969, RCW 9.41.270 was passed in light of the intimidating actions of the Black Panther Party in both the State of California and in Seattle. Analysis of the legislative intent behind the bill and final law indicated that the Washington State Legislature never intended this to be a gun control bill, and stripped out in committee provisions of the bill which would have prohibited carry within 500 feet of any "public building" for fear it would ensnare a peaceable open carrier walking nearby, thereby violating a persons rights under Article 1, Section 24 of the Washington State Constitution. This is not to say that all forms of open carry are lawful. The key word is "peaceable". If your pistol is in a holster, and you're generally not touching it or making gripping movements (except of course, in an actual act of self defense), or opening a coat to expose your pistol to intimidate someone to do something, then the current body of case law (state v casad, state v. spencer) generally makes such carry lawful.

    3) Can I open carry on a Bus, Train, Ferry, Personal Auto, Motorcycle or Bicycle? (RCW 9.91.025) The right to carry a gun or ammunition in a fashion is not otherwise prohibited by law on a MUNICIPAL TRANSIT VEHICLE (Greyhound /Amtrak is not a municipal transit vehicle). Busses, Trains & the Ferries are considered vehicles in Washington. You may carry loaded either openly or concealed in or on any vehicle if you possess a CPL (RCW 9.41.050 (2a)).
    Amtrak
    If there is nothing Prohibiting such Conduct..., then, it is Safe to assume such Conduct Legal. However, Federal Law, Enumerated under TITLE 18 PART I CHAPTER 97 § 1992, states: § 1992(7) Commits an Act, Including the USE of a Dangerous Weapon, with the Intent to cause Death or Serious Bodily Injury to any Person who is on Property described in SubParagraph (A) or (B) of Paragraph (4);
    Under Federal Law, the USE of Firearms with such INTENT is what is ILLEGAL, not just having them. Under Federal Law 18 U.S.C. 930, Trains, including Amtrak, do NOT qualify as Federal Facilities, because Amtrak employees are NOT federal Employees.
    If found to be carrying you more than likely would have to disembark at the next stop.


    4) Can I carry in a bank, grocery store, church? They are all private property and may impose their own rules. The Federal Government may own shares of a bank but they DO NOT function as Federal Property.


    5) Can I carry at or near a school? Or College? (RCW 9.41.280)
    If you have a valid CPL and are picking up or dropping off a student you are allowed on the school grounds. Firearms are not permitted in school buildings. Colleges set their own policies, most of which seem to ban lawfully carried guns. South Puget Sound Community College in Olympia is the only college in this state we know of that does not specifically ban lawfully carried guns from their campus.

    6) I saw a park sign saying no firearms. Is that legal? (RCW 9.41.290) No. Washington State has preempted all firearms laws regarding possession. You may carry in any city, county, state, National Forest or National Park in Washington State.

    7) Can I carry with a round in the chamber? (RCW 9.41.010)(10) & (RCW 77.15.460) defines "loaded" in Washington state. Unloaded means; Empty cylinder, empty chamber, no full mag or tube, not capped or primed.

    8) How old do you have to be to carry a loaded handgun? (RCW 9.41.240) You must be 21 years of age to carry a loaded handgun in public. See RCW 9.41.060 for exceptions.

    9)What states accept the Washington CPL?
    Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Wisconsin

    10) Can I carry in a bar? (RCW 9.41.300) No. You cannot carry in a place where alcohol IS consumed AND is off limits to persons under 21. Restaurants that serve alcohol are fine.

    11) Where can I get information about firearms & licensing in Washington state?
    http://www.dol.wa.gov/business/firearms/index.html

    12) Who am I required to show my CPL to, and when? The law is somewhat vague, but essentially IF you are required to have a CPL in your possession, you are obligated to produce it to qualified persons (such as law enforcement) if they demand it. Also since you have to have a CPL to carry loaded in/on a vehicle, regardless of OC or CC, I would argue a transit vehicle operator might also want to see a CPL before allowing you on the vehicle. There are no firm rules or laws on this matter that I am aware of though.

    13) Where can the latest edition of the Washington Gun Rights Pamphlet be found?
    http://www.washingtongunrights.com/ocdo/wgr.pdf

    14) Is there a list of gun friendly businesses? Yes, Friend or Foe is a website you can plug in a zip code or city and find those pro businesses. Green is pro / red is anti.
    http://www.friendorfoe.us/

    15) Flying with a firearm (ATF and the major airline rules in one simple PDF)
    Check the regulations on the airline on which you are traveling, they may have rules against weapons.
    http://www.washingtongunrights.com/misc/fwaf.pdf


    16) Gun Ranges and Gun Shops across Washington
    http://www.waguns.org/rangemap
    http://www.waguns.org/storemap

    17) Can I own and use a suppressor? ( RCW 9.41.250) Yes, as long the suppressor is legally registered and possessed in accordance with federal law.

    18) Carrying while engaging in a outdoor activity (RCW 9.41.060)
    (8) Any person engaging in a lawful outdoor recreational activity such as hunting, fishing, camping, hiking, or horseback riding, only if, considering all of the attendant circumstances, including but not limited to whether the person has a valid hunting or fishing license, it is reasonable to conclude that the person is participating in lawful outdoor activities or is traveling to or from a legitimate outdoor recreation area;

    19) Do “No Firearm” signs hold the weight of law in Washington State?
    No Firearm signs have no force of law unless they are posted on property that is specifically mentioned in RCW 9.41.300 as being off limits to those with a Permit/License to Carry. If you are in a place not specifically mentioned in the law that is posted and they ask you to leave, you must leave. If you refuse to leave then you are breaking the law and can be charged. Even if the property is not posted and you are asked to leave you must leave. Always be aware of the possibility that responding Police Officers who may have been called without your knowledge and may not know the laws on trespass and could arrest you even if you are within the law.


    No license is needed to open carry however it is highly recommended that any person who open carries in the State of Washington acquire a CPL. Washington is a “Shall Issue” state for CPL’s. Meaning that if you meet the requirements in RCW 9.41.070 you will be issued a license within 30 days(resident) and 60 days(non-resident) by law.

    This document is in no way legal advice. Consult an attorney on legal matters.
    Last edited by Bill Starks; 07-14-2014 at 08:59 PM. Reason: updates

  2. #2
    Regular Member swatspyder's Avatar
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    Now we just need it to be a sticky...

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    State Researcher Bill Starks's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by swatspyder View Post
    Now we just need it to be a sticky...
    Working on it. With the change-over I'm sure there are lots to sticky....

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    Administrator John Pierce's Avatar
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    Ask and ye shall receive.

    Quote Originally Posted by swatspyder View Post
    Now we just need it to be a sticky...

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    State Researcher Bill Starks's Avatar
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    thanks John

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    Regular Member Lammo's Avatar
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    Thanks for all the hard work that went into this FAQ but (of course, there had to be a but, but I'm not trying to be butt) I have a semi-minor quibble. You state in section 7):

    Can I carry with a round in the chamber? Or have to use a certain holster? There is no state or Federal law which prescribes carrying with a round in the chamber other than the normal "loaded" definition (RCW 77.15.460) and the laws that regulate loaded carry. It is suggested that your holster choice have some form of retention.

    IMHO, the "normal 'loaded' definition" would be located at RCW 9.41.010(10). The definition in RCW 77.15.460 is expressly limited by the phrase in section (5): For purposes of this section, a firearm shall not be considered loaded if the detachable clip or magazine is not inserted in or attached to the firearm.

    I don't think you should delete the reference to RCW 77.15.460 but i do think you should add a reference to RCW 9.41.010(10). Thanks again.
    IAALBIAAFTDPASNIPHCBCALA
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    State Researcher Bill Starks's Avatar
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    ref RCW 9.41.010 in question 7 - Done

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    Number 3?

    First of all, FANTASTIC FAQ! Thank you!

    One quick clarification, you're saying you have to have a CPL to open carry on a bus/train/ferry? That seems contrary.

    Quote Originally Posted by M1Gunr View Post
    3) Can I open carry on a Bus, Train, Ferry, Personal Auto, Motorcycle or Bicycle? (RCW 9.91.025) The right to carry a gun or ammunition in a fashion is not otherwise prohibited by law on a MUNICIPAL TRANSIT VEHICLE (Greyhound /Amtrak is not a municipal transit vehicle). Busses, Trains & the Ferries are considered vehicles in Washington. You may carry loaded either openly or concealed in or on any vehicle if you possess a CPL.
    http://forum.nwcdl.org/index.php?act...;sa=view;id=65

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    State Researcher Bill Starks's Avatar
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    One quick clarification, you're saying you have to have a CPL to open carry on a bus/train/ferry? That seems contrary.


    RCW 9.41.050
    (2)(a) A person shall not carry or place a loaded pistol in any vehicle unless the person has a license to carry a concealed pistol and: (i) The pistol is on the licensee's person, (ii) the licensee is within the vehicle at all times that the pistol is there, or (iii) the licensee is away from the vehicle and the pistol is locked within the vehicle and concealed from view from outside the vehicle.

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    Regular Member shad0wfax's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by M1Gunr View Post
    [...]If your pistol is in a holster, and you're generally not touching it or making gripping movements (except of course, in an actual act of self defense), or opening a coat to expose your pistol to intimidate someone to do something, then the current body of case law (state v casad, state v. spencer) generally makes such carry lawful. [...]
    Just a reminder, State v. Casad is not case law. It is unpublished, cannot be cited in legal arguments and cannot be cited in a court of law. It might be mentioned in court, but since Casad "discovered" nothing new, it is unpublished and irrelevant other than as a "hrmmm well if I get that specific judge and I'm defending myself under Gregory Casad's conditions, then I'm probably safe." Other than that, State v. Casad is meaningless to us as open carriers.

    The document is below.

    http://www.impsec.org/~jhardin/gunst...blished%29.pdf

    "STATE OF WASHINGTON, No. 35333-4-II Appellant, v. GREGORY ELIJAH CASAD UNPUBLISHED OPINION"

    However, Alarm is “warranted” if the circumstances are such that a reasonable person would be alarmed. State v. Spencer, 75 Wn. App. 118, 124, 876 P.2d 939 (1994)

    This opinion on Spencer is published and therefore is relevant to us as open carriers.

    Every time Casad comes up I cringe. People need to stop citing Casad and forget about Casad. It is a piece of legal trivia that will at best get an odd look and at worst could be legally embarrassing. Forget Casad and focus on Spencer.

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    question re: weapons on school grounds in Washington State



    My brother works for an agency that is contracted by ICE (federal prison for illegal aliens) as a prison guard/ driver-transporter. He casually mentioned on FB that he was going to a high school football game. He also has a concealed weapons permit. In his words, he "likes to pack"....

    I told him he better not carry a gun on school property, then an argument began. He is not a law enforcement officer. He works as a contracted agent. According to RCW 9.41.280, you are exempt if, you are,

    h) Any law enforcement officer of the federal, state, or local government agency.

    My brother was not carrying a gun with relation to his duties from work....this was on his own personal time.

    So my question is, Is he legally allowed to carry a gun on school property around children?

    Thank you in advance for your help.

    Carla

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    Campaign Veteran gogodawgs's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by carlalynn_62 View Post

    My brother works for an agency that is contracted by ICE (federal prison for illegal aliens) as a prison guard/ driver-transporter. He casually mentioned on FB that he was going to a high school football game. He also has a concealed weapons permit. In his words, he "likes to pack"....

    I told him he better not carry a gun on school property, then an argument began. He is not a law enforcement officer. He works as a contracted agent. According to RCW 9.41.280, you are exempt if, you are,

    h) Any law enforcement officer of the federal, state, or local government agency.

    My brother was not carrying a gun with relation to his duties from work....this was on his own personal time.

    So my question is, Is he legally allowed to carry a gun on school property around children?

    Thank you in advance for your help.

    Carla
    The basic answer is no.
    Live Free or Die!

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    Quote Originally Posted by gogodawgs View Post
    The basic answer is no.
    Thanks GogoDawgs much appreciated....it's funny, my brother still insists that he's a law enforcement officer...I tried to tell him that he's not a Federal Air Marshall, the FBI, the CIA, the State Patrol, County Sheriff, or a city cop....one of these days he's going to get caught....sigh...

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    Regular Member amlevin's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by carlalynn_62 View Post
    Thanks GogoDawgs much appreciated....it's funny, my brother still insists that he's a law enforcement officer...I tried to tell him that he's not a Federal Air Marshall, the FBI, the CIA, the State Patrol, County Sheriff, or a city cop....one of these days he's going to get caught....sigh...
    He will probably find out that he is NOT when he is arrested. He will also run the risk of finding out something else, that he might not have a job after the arrest.


    He needs to wake up soon.
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    Quote Originally Posted by carlalynn_62 View Post

    My brother works for an agency that is contracted by ICE (federal prison for illegal aliens) as a prison guard/ driver-transporter. He casually mentioned on FB that he was going to a high school football game. He also has a concealed weapons permit. In his words, he "likes to pack"....

    I told him he better not carry a gun on school property, then an argument began. He is not a law enforcement officer. He works as a contracted agent. According to RCW 9.41.280, you are exempt if, you are,

    h) Any law enforcement officer of the federal, state, or local government agency.

    My brother was not carrying a gun with relation to his duties from work....this was on his own personal time.

    So my question is, Is he legally allowed to carry a gun on school property around children?

    Thank you in advance for your help.

    Carla
    Based on the information given, as a contract employee, he at best, would have a special commission that would be valid ONLY while performing his assigned duties.

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    7) Can I carry with a round in the chamber? (RCW 9.41.010)(10) & (RCW 77.15.460) defines "loaded" in Washington state. Unloaded means; Empty cylinder, empty chamber, no full mag or tube, not capped or primed.

    I don't think I understand this. Seems like you are just defining what loaded and unloaded are. So can you carry with one in the chamber? I would think with a revolver this wouldn't even pertain otherwise you have to be completely empty.

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    Regular Member Ajetpilot's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by drewdownkali View Post
    So can you carry with one in the chamber?
    Do you see anything in the RCW that says you can't?

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    Quote Originally Posted by Ajetpilot View Post
    Do you see anything in the RCW that says you can't?
    Gotcha.

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    Anyone carried at Island lake? Can't remember if they still have the signs or if they have pulled them down.

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    Quote Originally Posted by drewdownkali View Post
    7) Can I carry with a round in the chamber? (RCW 9.41.010)(10) & (RCW 77.15.460) defines "loaded" in Washington state. Unloaded means; Empty cylinder, empty chamber, no full mag or tube, not capped or primed.

    I don't think I understand this. Seems like you are just defining what loaded and unloaded are. So can you carry with one in the chamber? I would think with a revolver this wouldn't even pertain otherwise you have to be completely empty.
    the loaded versus unloaded is used in 9.41.050 about carrying in a vehicle, in Washington that is treated as a privilege, since it requires a CPL.

    tl;dr Yes you may carry with a round in the chamber, if you are in a vehicle, you are required to have a valid CPL.

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    and in a car, if you are also in the car, does it need to be on you? I was told that and it seems to be the case as I read it.

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    Regular Member 1245A Defender's Avatar
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    Well,,,

    Quote Originally Posted by drewdownkali View Post
    and in a car, if you are also in the car, does it need to be on you? I was told that and it seems to be the case as I read it.
    read 9.41.050 again

    i, the gun is on you or
    ii, you are in the car, that the gun is in or
    iii, you cover the gun from view, and lock the car while you are away
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  23. #23
    Regular Member Geerolla's Avatar
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    Washington State Frequently Asked Questions About Open Carry

    Nope. They are leased by private corporations that are allowed to prohibit firearms on the property while they operate it. Concealed means concealed, but you'll have a hard time getting past the metal detectors they just put in.


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    Last edited by Geerolla; 06-02-2014 at 12:51 PM.

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    It shows that the courts deliberately went against the intent of the legislators...IMHO.
    I am not anti Cop I am just pro Citizen.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Geerolla View Post
    Nope. They are leased by private corporations that are allowed to prohibit firearms on the property while they operate it. Concealed means concealed, but you'll have a hard time getting past the metal detectors they just put in.


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    Quote Originally Posted by sudden valley gunner View Post
    It shows that the courts deliberately went against the intent of the legislators...IMHO.
    Therein rests and interesting conundrum.

    The municipality rents/leases the facility to a venue (example: church, school or recording artist) and the venue entity does not want coolers or guns - is this within their rights/power?

    Compare the above to my renting a house from you. You say no hats or guns, but I like hats and guns and rent anyway. Can you assert that I have violated the terms of the lease if I possess either?

    IMHO that would be considered an unreasonable restrictive clause and tossed out by most courts.
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