Welcome to OCDO. California is the only state that mandates that openly-carried handguns be unloaded. However, in West Virginia, there is a legal minefield concerning open carry thanks to a variety of firearm-related provisions in W.Va. Code § 20-2-5(3), (8), (9), (10), (19), and (24), which in turn are overridden in part by § 20-2-6a, which applies only to concealed carry by CHL holders.
The current state of the law is extremely confusing to the legally untrained observer. For example, the Division of Natural Resources (whose Natural Resources Police Officers, while generally focused on enforcing hunting & natural resources laws, have concurrent statewide law-enforcement jurisdiction with the State Police and all local agencies), asserts a strict, literal interpretation of § 20-2-5(9) (prohibiting loaded firearms in vehicles), while the State Police says OC of a handgun in a vehicle is legal.
WVCDL has proposed legislation to sweep this minefield, but we will have to wait until the next legislative session to try again.