"These commentators contend instead
that the amendment's preamble regarding the necessity of a "well regulated militia . . . to a free state"
means that the right to keep and bear arms applies only to a National Guard. Such a reading fails to note
that the Framers used the term "militia" to relate to every citizen capable of bearing arms, and that the
Congress has established the present National Guard under its own power to raise armies, expressly
stating that it was not doing so under its power to organize and arm the militia." - U.S. Congress, 1982